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From, the puzzle solver's site
BUG stands for Bi-Value Universal Grave

As of July 2015 this strategy has been re-instated in the solver..

The principle behind BUG is the observation that any Sudoku where all remaining cells contain just two candidates is fatally flawed. There would have been a last remaining cell with three candidates. The odd number that couldn't be paired with another cell would have to be the solution for that cell in order to prevent the bi-value 'Graveyard'.

Update July 2015

Thanks to Peter Hopkins for re-engaging me with BUG. He has found the original discussion which goes back to November 2005. Here is the link. From my testing of large data sets I believe that every instance of BUG can be solved by an XY-Chain. Hence it is positioned just before that strategy in the solver - it is an easy solution if you can recognise the pattern. Other simpler strategies may also do the same job but not as completely as XY-Chains.

BUG Example
BUG Example : Load Example
Here is an example written up by Peter

The BUG cell is D8.

Removing candidate 1 from the cell does not create a deadly pattern, since candidate 1 would appear in Row D, Column 8 and Box 6 just once. Removing candidate 2 results in:
  1. Row D containing candidates 1, 2, 3, 4 and 8 all exactly twice.
  2. Column 8 containing candidates 1, 2, 3 and 4 all exactly twice.
  3. Box 6 containing candidates 1, 2, 3 and 4 all exactly twice.
  4. Every other unit containing unsolved cells in which all candidates appear exactly twice.

Thus, in order to kill the BUG, D8 must be 2.

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