As of July 2015 this strategy has been re-instated in the solver..
The principle behind BUG is the observation that any Sudoku where all remaining cells contain just two candidates is fatally flawed. There would have been a last remaining cell with three candidates. The odd number that couldn't be paired with another cell would have to be the solution for that cell in order to prevent the bi-value 'Graveyard'.
Update July 2015
Thanks to Peter Hopkins for re-engaging me with BUG. He has found the original discussion which goes back to November 2005. Here is the link. From my testing of large data sets I believe that every instance of BUG can be solved by an XY-Chain. Hence it is positioned just before that strategy in the solver - it is an easy solution if you can recognise the pattern. Other simpler strategies may also do the same job but not as completely as XY-Chains.
Here is an example written up by Peter
The BUG cell is D8.
Removing candidate 1 from the cell does not create a deadly pattern, since candidate 1 would appear in Row D, Column 8 and Box 6 just once. Removing candidate 2 results in:
Row D containing candidates 1, 2, 3, 4 and 8 all exactly twice.
Column 8 containing candidates 1, 2, 3 and 4 all exactly twice.
Box 6 containing candidates 1, 2, 3 and 4 all exactly twice.
Every other unit containing unsolved cells in which all candidates appear exactly twice.
Article created on 11-April-2008. Views: 47903 This page was last modified on 2-July-2015. All text is copyright and for personal use only but may be reproduced with the permission of the author.
Copyright Andrew Stuart @ Syndicated Puzzles Inc, 2015