Solver App for Android and iPhone Strategies for Number Puzzles of all kinds
 
Print Version
 
Solvers
Puzzles
Basic Strategies
Tough Strategies
Diabolical Strategies
Extreme Strategies
Depreciated Strategies
Str8ts
Other
The Logic of Sudoku
Order Str8ts Book 1
Order Now!
Order Str8ts Book 2
Order Now!
  XYZ-Wing
This is an extension of Y-Wing or (XY-Wing). John MacLeod defines one as "three cells that contain only 3 different numbers between them, but which fall outside the confines of one row/column/box, with one of the cells (the 'apex' or 'hinge') being able to see the other two; those other two having only one number in common; and the apex having all three numbers as candidates."

It follows therefore that one or other of the three cells must contain the common number; and hence any extraneous cell (there can only be two of them!) that "sees" all three cells of the Extended Trio cannot have that number as its true value.


It gets its name from the three numbers X, Y and Z that are required in the hinge. The outer cells in the formation will be XZ and YZ, Z being the common number.
XYZ-Wing theory
XYZ-Wing theory

It is worth comparing the XYZ-Wing to the Y-Wing for a moment. Lets drop the Z candidate from the hinge. The diagram on the right is the result. With just two Zs in the pincer cells we get more cells elsewhere which could potentially contain a Z to eliminate. The overlap is greater with less cells to line up.
Y-Wing Equivalent
Y-Wing Equivalent

In this example the candidate number is 1 and F9 is the Hinge. It can see a 1/2 in D9 and a 1/4 in F1. We can reason this way: If D9 contains a 2 then F1 and F9 become a naked pair of 1/4 - and the naked pair rule applies. Same with F1. If that's a 4 then D9 and F9 become a naked pair of 1/2 each. If any of the three are 1 then 1 is still part of the formation. Any 1 visible to all three cells must be removed, in this case in F7.
XYZ-Wing example 1
XYZ-Wing example 1: Load Example or : From the Start
The second example shows an XYZ-Wings based on a row and a box.

The hinge cell is on E8 and the common candidate is 6. The 6 in E9 can see all the 6s in the whole XYZ formation.

Aligned Pair Exclusion

The logic on an XYZ-Wing is completely different and lot simpler than the Aligned Pair Exclusion described below but the funny thing is that XYZ-Wing is a total sub-set of APE. Every XYZ-Wing can be solved by APE (but not vis versa).
XYZ-Wing example 2
XYZ-Wing example 2: Load Example or : From the Start


Go back to Y-WingsContinue to WXYZ-Wing




 
   
Comments

Your Name/Handle

Email Address - required for confirmation (it will not be displayed here)

Your comment or question

Please enter the
letters you see:
arrow
Enter these letters Remember me


Please keep your comments relevant to this article.
Email addresses are never displayed, but they are required to confirm your comments. When you enter your name and email address, you'll be sent a link to
confirm your comment. Line breaks and paragraphs are automatically converted no need to use <p> or <br> tags.


Subject Comments - Talk
Comments here pertain to corrections to the text, not the subject itself

Saturday 8-May-2010

... by: Nassir M

Removed

Andrew Stuart writes:

Comments removed as the pertained to previous examples

Post a Comment using Facebook...


Article created on 11-April-2008. Views: 66674
This page was last modified on 20-July-2013, at 10:10.
All text is copyright and for personal use only but may be reproduced with the permission of the author.
Copyright Andrew Stuart @ Syndicated Puzzles Inc, 2013